Who is Gelli and why was he so important?
To understand Gelli, one must understand the complex post war years of Europe. The biggest threat to Europe in pre-war times was Communism - it was the great fear of Communism that gave birth to the Fascists and the Nazis. Though both sides were dreaded, the Fascists represented right-wing government, while the Communist represent left-wing government. It was the right-wing that the United States and the Catholic Church desired over Communism - because Communism would destroy the capitalistic system. The Nazis had massive amounts of Soviet intelligence, had infiltrated Communist partisans, and were in no way going to be given up to the Soviet Union.
Gelli worked both sides. He helped to found the Red Brigade, spied on Communist partisans and worked for the Nazis at the same time, a double agent. He helped establish the Rat Line, which assisted the flight of high ranking Nazi officials from Europe to South America, with passports supplied by the Vatican and with the full acknowledgment and blessing of the United States intelligence community.
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While on one hand, the U. Gelli's agreement with U.
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He was responsible for the murder and torture of hundreds of Yugoslavian partisans. The Italian Communists would have taxed the Church's vast holdings and the Church has had a dismal experience with Communist governments throughout the world - where religious freedom was stamped out.
Gelli was well connected with the Vatican from the days of the Rat Line and he worked for American intelligence, as well. Its membership was a Who's Who in the intelligence, military and Italian community. So prominent was Gelli's influence, that he was even a guest of honor at the inauguration of President Ronald Reagan. Gelli used blackmail in order to gain prominent members of his P-2 lodge, its membership is estimated at members, including of the most powerful men in the Western World..
Gelli and his P-2 lodge had staggering connections to banking, intelligence and diplomatic passports. The CIA poured hundreds of millions of dollars into Italy in the form of secret subsidies for political parties, labor unions and communications businesses. At the same time the Agency continued its relationship with far- right and violent elements as a back-up should a coup be needed to oust a possible Communist government. This covert financing was exposed by the Prime Minister of Italy in a speech to Parliament. He indicates that more than people in Italy still remain on the payroll of the CIA.
As part of Reinhard Gehlen's intelligence team, he had excellent contacts.
Secret Agenda: The United States Government, Nazi Scientists, and Project Paperclip, 1945 to 1990
Project Paperclip was stopped in , when West Germany protested to the U. This is but one of the results of Operation Paperclip. Ewen Cameron. For the next several years Dr. Ewen Cameron waged his private war in Canada.
Operation Paperclip - Wikipedia
What is ironic about Dr. Cameron is that he served as a member of the Nuremberg tribunal who heard the cases against the Nazi doctors. It was designed to defeat the "enemy" in its brain- washing techniques. The "doctors" who participated in these experiments used some of the same techniques as the Nazi "doctors". Techniques used by Dr. Cameron and previous Nazi scientists include electro shock, sleep deprivation, memory implantation, memory erasure, sensory modification, psychoactive drug experiments, and many more cruel practices.
Paperclip ultimately brought in key players involved in the Assassination of Pope 1, October Surprise sabotage of Carter's peace talks , and a great many other things still classified to this day. A week before Walter Jessel interviewed the rocket team, Knerr circulated this memo up the chain of command:. Occupation of German scientific and industrial establishments has revealed the fact that we have been alarmingly backward in many fields of research.
If we do not take this opportunity to seize the apparatus and the brains that developed it and put the combination back to work promptly, we will remain several years behind while we attempt to cover a field already exploited. Pride and face-saving have no place in national insurance. The contentious immigration issue and parade of embarrassing revelations related to Paperclip dissipated in the wake of increased Soviet aggressiveness in Europe, the testing of a Soviet bomb, and, most significantly, the surprise invasion of South Korea in June As the national security state mushroomed, exemplified by the return of limitless defense spending, the cadre of German scientists working across the spectrum of scientific endeavor assumed enormously influential positions in both the private and public sectors.
Now citizens of their adoptive country, the Paperclippers skillfully negotiated the confines of the national security state armed with security clearances, civil service contracts, and highly paid positions in the burgeoning defense industries. From their first interrogations with Walter Jessel in to interviews conducted at the end of their lives, the Paperclippers exuded confidence, some might say arrogance, in both their technical prowess and ability to translate blueprints into a finished product.
Walter Dornberger wrote a prescient memo in resembling the tone and some of the conclusions reached in NSC a few years later. The former Wehrmacht general and V-2 project manager urged the U. Now bring such a monster in the air in stable flight! The very first Saturn V went up like a candle. And why? Unless the people understand it and the man who pays the bill is behind it, no dice. While never named in their landmark studies, sociologists C.
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The Paperclippers were brought to the U. Von Braun invoked the Soviet threat before Sputnik, which only served to vindicate the rocket team for its foresight and Paperclip for bringing them to the U. Von Braun and many other Paperclippers became born again Christians after moving to Alabama. Von Braun condemned the Nazi regime he once served under duress, he would have readers believe and drew explicit comparisons to the Soviet Union, the godless communists who now occupied his homeland.
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Truman, Independence, Missouri, June 3, Neufeld Random House, Inc. Literature of the Holocaust. National Air and Space Museum. January 16, Knacke, USA". Herald Citizen. September 12, January 1, October 18, — via NYTimes. Retrieved December 19, Annemarie Current Concerns.
Archived from the original on September 28, Retrieved October 18, Army in the Occupation of Germany — CMH Pub Flying Bomb. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. History of Education Quarterly. Much of the FIAT information was adapted commercially, to the degree that the office of the Assistant Secretary of State for Occupied Areas requested that the peace treaty with Germany be redacted to protect US industry from lawsuits. Fall East European Quarterly. Retrieved June 29, October 21, , marked the initiation of "Operation Ossavakim", which forcibly transferred to Soviet soil thousands of German technicians, managers and skilled personnel, along with their family members and the industrial tools they would operate.
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