Solution of Exercise C: 1 Nan no ta drumi.eaglesflightschoollagos.com/scripts
We will start this lesson by learning both cardinal and ordinal numbers. The cardinal numbers are what we use for normal counting, while the ordinal numbers are how we say what "place" we are first, second, etc. Except for " first ", the ordinals are created by preceding the cardinal number with " di ".
Now we will talk a little more about nouns. Nouns in Papiamentu do not change their forms according to gender or tense, as in some languages, as you should have noticed already. There are a few ways to make nouns plural, depending on how they use. We have already seen the first method. Notice that " students " is plural, but no change was made.
That is because the 3rd plural person pronoun " nan " was used, and that implies plural. In fact, " nan " is the way we can make a plural when it isn't implied. It is added to the end of the noun. This would normally be done when the noun is followed by " ta ", which could occur in a question we will deal with interrogatives in the next lesson. When neither articles " e " or " un " are used, it is safe to assume the noun is plural.
Exercise A: Translate to English: 1 E no ta mira mi. Exercise B: Translate to Papiamentu: 1 The tea is hot. Exercise C: Translate to Papiamentu: 1 They have ten large rocks. Solution of Exercise A: 1 The don't see me. Solution of Exercise C: 1 Nan tin dies baranka grandi. In Papiamentu, you can combine and shorten words like you would do in English. For example, " I am tired " can also be written " I'm tired ". The pronoun can be combined with the past tense marker. This combination rule does not apply to " nos " or " boso ".
- Page F The Hispanization of Papiamento and what it means for naturalistic auxlangs.
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A preposition is a word which shows relationships between other words in a sentence. The relationships include direction, place, time, cause, manner and amount. Some basic English prepositions are " by ", " on ", " to ", " with ". When used with a noun, they form a prepositional phrase: " by the chair ", " on the table ", " to the store ", " with a friend " Prepositional phrases are like idioms, and are best learned through listening to and reading as much as possible. Prepositions are rather easy in Papiamentu.
Since the noun doesn't change form, they are used basically the same as in English. Papiamentu has what is called serial verbs. This means that verbs can be put in a row without seperation by prepositions. Possession is shown by using the possessive pronouns. In Papiamentu, they are almost identical to the personal pronouns. The only difference is " su " instead of " e " for " his,hers,its ". In the above cases, you place the possessive pronoun before the noun.
You can also place it after the noun, using " di ". We create interrogative statements questions by starting them with interrogatives. Here are some of the common ones:. Exercise A: Translate to English: 1 Unda mi buki ta? Exercise B: Translate to Papiamentu: 1 The man put three old books on the chair. Solution of Exercise A: 1 Where is my book? Solution of Exercise B: 1 E homber pone tres buki bieu riba e stul. A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, or clauses.
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In English, the most common ones are " and ", " or ", " but " and " so ". We have mentioned " i " " and " in a previous lesson. Here are all four of these, with their Papiamentu equivalents and examples:. Adverbs are words that further define verbs, similar to how adjectives further define nouns. This often leads to text books being in Dutch, while instruction is in Papiamentu. There is no chance to attend University in Papiamentu, so Dutch becomes inevitable for higher education, but is less present in the schools. Some even consider it to be too simple a language and not capable of teaching children to think as well as Dutch or English could.
It simply is not true, though, that some languages are inferior and others are superior, or that one language promotes better thinking than another. This is colonialist ideology persisting today. How can a student understand the joy of learning when they are hard-pressed to find a novel in their language? What is missing, though, are higher educational opportunities locally through the medium of Papiamentu. Colour-coded origami dice help prompt you to put words in the right order, so that you can start making sentences right away, interact with the language on a physical level, and learn through repetition.
Born out of a linguistic crisis, it is a language that displays it layers of history and continues to add new layers as its world changes. Henriquez, May. Ta asina o ta asana?
Jacobs, Bart. Kinney, Lucretia.
Origins and Development of Papiamento. Martinus, Prof. Frank E. Wiel, Keisha Irma. You are commenting using your WordPress.
Papiamentu Textbook - E. R. Goilo - Google книги
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Skip to content N. The waterfront of Punda, Willemstad. Portuguese- or Spanish-based? It also recognizes forms and provides examples for each verb.
LINGUIST List 10.1539
There's an excerpt from an old paper here about the Hispanization of Papiamento, especially in urban areas. Even the brief visitor sees that such things exist the bank clerk did say to me "Quiere cambiar tur And Miss Lucille Haseth's paper on translation of news items into Papiamentu This affects the syntax and morphology of Papiamentu, and may additionally, as claimed by Navarro, affect its phonology. Afrikaans has also always had that fear that somehow it could be turned back into Dutch with enough influence from there, and with IALs Interlingua is probably the most susceptible to this.
There was even a discussion on interlng the other day about word order, whether it's acceptable to say 'tu me ha provideva', 'tu ha provideva me', or 'tu me ha provideva'. But this just goes to show that a language like Interlingua in its goal of being natural is the most susceptible to this.
Almost immune are languages like Esperanto and Ido. The only time I've seen some Spanish influence in Ido is when people sometimes say hola, and there was some discussion the other day about whether to use the word kuya , which comes from cuyo in Spanish. There's also a bit of confusion about transitive and intransitive verbs; the other day there was some discussion about whether you need to say finigar or can just say finar when you finish something.
The answer is that you need to say finigar - just like how you need to say bitirmek in Turkish, whereas bitmek is only intransitive - but this is common in a lot of Indo-European languages and has nothing to do with Spanish in particular. Actually, in this case a Turk would have an easier time understanding the difference. Finar is the same as bitmek. Finigar is the same as bitirmek.
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